DIET & HEALTH
GENES LOAD THE GUN, LIFESTYLE PULLS THE TRIGGER
Most of us have at some stage realized that when it comes to diet and lifestyle advice we are not all the same.
- A diet that worked wonders for a friend might do nothing for you
- Some people can smoke, eat whatever they like and live healthily into old age
- Others can eat healthily, exercise and yet suffer a heart attack before the age of 50
Nutritional Genomics or Nutrigenomics is the use of genetic testing to give specific individualized diet and lifestyle advice according to your DNA.
This new area in nutrition stemmed from the Human Genome Project where scientific research has indicated that:
1. Poor diet can be a risk factor for disease
2. Common dietary components can alter genes and gene-expression.
3. The degree to which diet influences health and disease depends on your individual genetic make-up.
4. Some diet-regulated genes (and gene variants) play a role in the onset, incidence, progression and severity of certain diseases
5. Dietary recommendation based on a knowledge of your nutritional requirements and genetic make-up can prevent, mitigate and potentially cure disease.
We are accredited to do genetic testing with a variety of labs. We collect swabs at our rooms, we then send it off to the laboratory, where they analyze your DNA and provide us with a report to use to compile a gene specific meal plan, supplementation recommendations and specific lifestyle advice.
To ensure a good quality swab you need to have not eaten or drunk anything for 2 hours before your test.
There are currently 7 tests available:
This panel tests 20 genes that increase your risk factors for diabetes, obesity and becoming overweight.
The purpose of this Genetic panel is to answer the following questions:
- What macronutrient percentages will give me the very best weight loss results?
- Is my body more likely to turn Carbohydrates, Fats or Animal products into body fat?
- Can I trust my appetite?
- Does it matter what time of day/ night I eat or fast?
- What role does exercise play in weight management for me?
- How much exercise do I need?
We use the results in combination with your body composition, certain blood tests, Your food preferences and goals to design a personalized meal plan.
This meal plan is not a diet, it is an effective, permanent change of eating habits to not only reach but maintain your goal weight.
This panel is our most comprehensive and tests 44 genes to determine nutritional, supplemental and lifestyle priorities to assist you in reducing your risk of developing conditions like:
- Heart disease and hypertension
- Osteoporosis and other chronic lifestyle diseases
It also identifies genetic lactose intolerance, salt sensitivity and tells you how your body metabolises caffeine, alcohol and iron.
The results will show where your body is struggling to maintain your health and will point out the most important lifestyle strategies and nutritional supplements you need to reduce your risk of chronic lifestyle diseases.
This test is especially useful if you:
- Have a family history of the above conditions
- Want to use the right supplements
- Are concerned about ageing healthily
- Live a stressful life and want to support your body optimally
This panel tests genes related to how your body metabolises oestrogen and answers the following questions:
- Does oestrogen therapy (contraceptives/HRT) increase my risk for breast cancer?
- Does my body detoxify hormones and other environmental substances effectively or does it need help with that?
- Am I at increased risk for colon, prostate and other oestrogen sensitive cancers?
- Do I have a genetic problem affecting blood clotting if I use the contraceptive pill or while pregnant?
The result can help you make an informed choice of the best hormone therapy for you.
This panel tests genetic sports ability by indicating the following:
- Whether you have more power or endurance athletic ability
- How quickly you recover from exercise and are able to benefit from training again
- What your risk is for joint or soft tissue injury
- Whether caffeine can enhance your sports performance
- When the best time to train is – morning or evening
The above can be used to tailor your exercise program, sport supplement regime or recovery strategy. It can also identify whether there is a need for conditioning training as well as ascertain which types of sport you are more genetically gifted for.
DNA Mind tests for genetic variations associated with changes in key biological areas that affect mental health.
Weaknesses in these areas, together with environmental factors, increase risk for development of disorders related to mental health. The areas of mental health reported in DNA Mind include:
- Neurodegenerative disorders
- Mild cognitive impairment causes a slight, but noticeable decline in cognitive abilities, including memory and thinking skills.
- Individuals with mild cognitive impairment are at an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s Disease or another dementia.
- Mood disorders
- Mood disorders are psychological disorders that are characterized by the elevation or lowering of an individual’s mood, to the extent that it can interfere with everyday life for an extended period of time.
- The specific mood disorders reported on include bipolar, depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Addictive behaviours
- Addictive behaviour can manifest in several disorders, which are influenced by both genetic and environmental factors.
- Genetics and addictive areas of association include behavioural disorders such as eating disorders (binge eating), ‘adrenaline seeking’, and risk-taking behaviour.
- Substance use disorders include risk for alcohol, nicotine, cannabis and opioid dependence. This area will also report on risk of psychosis from cannabis use.